case (

     n 1: (law) a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of
          law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy; "the
          family brought suit against the landlord" [syn: lawsuit,
           suit, cause, causa]
     2: an occurrence of something; "it was a case of bad judgment";
        "another instance occurred yesterday"; "but there is
        always the famous example of the Smiths" [syn: instance,
     3: a special set of circumstances; "in that event, the first
        possibility is excluded"; "it may rain in which case the
        picnic will be canceled" [syn: event]
     4: a problem requiring investigation; "Perry Mason solved the
        case of the missing heir"
     5: the actual state of things; "that was not the case"
     6: a statement of facts and reasons used to support an
        argument; "he stated his case clearly"
     7: a portable container for carrying several objects; "the
        musicians left their instrument cases backstage"
     8: a person who is subjected to experimental or other
        observational procedures; someone who is an object of
        investigation; "the subjects for this investigation were
        selected randomly"; "the cases that we studied were drawn
        from two different communities" [syn: subject, {guinea
     9: a person requiring professional services; "a typical case
        was the suburban housewife described by a marriage
     10: the quantity contained in a case [syn: caseful]
     11: a glass container used to store and display items in a shop
         or museum or home [syn: display case, showcase]
     12: a specific state of mind that is temporary; "a case of the
     13: nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection)
         related in some way to other words in a sentence [syn: {grammatical
     14: the housing or outer covering of something; "the clock has a
         walnut case" [syn: shell, casing]
     15: a person of a specified kind (usually with many
         eccentricities); "a strange character"; "a friendly
         eccentric"; "the capable type"; "a mental case" [syn: character,
          eccentric, type]
     16: an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or
         plant organ or part [syn: sheath]
     17: the enclosing frame around a door or window opening; "the
         casings had rotted away and had to be replaced" [syn: casing]
     18: bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow; "the burglar
         carried his loot in a pillowcase" [syn: pillowcase, slip,
          pillow slip]
     v 1: look over, usually with the intention to rob; "They men
          cased the housed"
     2: enclose in, or as if in, a case "my feet were encased in
        mud." [syn: encase]